Amol Jadhav

The Indus Water Treaty, commonly known as the Indus Water Agreement or the IWT, is a water-sharing agreement signed between India and Pakistan in 1960. The agreement was brokered by the World Bank and aims to share the water resources of the Indus River and its tributaries between the two countries.

The Indus River is one of the most important rivers in South Asia, and the treaty between India and Pakistan is significant in ensuring the equitable distribution of its waters. The treaty outlines the sharing of the Indus basin`s waters between the two nations and provides for the creation of the Permanent Indus Commission (PIC) to oversee its implementation.

The Indus Water Agreement in Hindi is known as इंडस जल समझौता (Indus Jal Samjhauta). The treaty is divided into 12 articles that define the sharing arrangements of the six rivers of the Indus basin, including the Indus, Jhelum, Chenab, Ravi, Beas, and Sutlej. Under the treaty, India is allocated the water from the three eastern rivers – Ravi, Beas, and Sutlej – while Pakistan receives the water from the three western rivers – Indus, Jhelum, and Chenab.

The Indus Water Agreement in Hindi has been a source of controversy between India and Pakistan over the years. The treaty has been upheld despite the tensions between the two countries, including wars and skirmishes. However, recent tensions between the two countries over the Pulwama attack in 2019 have led to calls for India to reconsider its position on the treaty and explore the possibility of using the waters of the Indus for its own purposes.

In conclusion, the Indus Water Treaty or the Indus Water Agreement in Hindi has been a critical water-sharing arrangement between India and Pakistan for six decades. The treaty has helped avert water-related conflicts and ensured that both countries have access to the vital water resources of the Indus Basin. Despite tensions between the two nations, the treaty has held up, and it is hoped that it will continue to serve as a model for future water-sharing agreements in the region.