Amol Jadhav

Double Taxation Agreement Between Ireland and UAE

Ireland and the United Arab Emirates (UAE) have recently signed a double taxation agreement that aims to eliminate the double taxation of income and capital gains in both countries. The agreement, which took effect on January 1, 2018, is expected to enhance economic relations and boost investment flows between the two nations.

What is Double Taxation?

Double taxation occurs when two or more countries impose taxes on the same income or capital gains of an individual or corporation. This can happen when a person or business earns income in one country while being a resident of another country and is also subject to taxation there.

Double taxation can often lead to a higher tax burden, as the taxpayer is made to pay taxes twice on the same income. This can impact the profitability of businesses and discourage foreign investment.

What is the Double Taxation Agreement?

A Double Taxation Agreement (DTA) is an agreement between two or more countries that seeks to eliminate the occurrence of double taxation. The agreement spells out the tax rules applicable to cross-border investments and aims to promote economic cooperation between the countries.

The DTA addresses issues such as the definition of income and tax residency, the scope of taxable income, and the taxation of capital gains. It also specifies the rates of withholding tax, which is the tax deducted by the country of source on payments made to non-residents.

DTAs aim to provide clear rules for the taxation of cross-border transactions for both individuals and companies. They also provide a level of certainty regarding tax liabilities, which can encourage investment and trade.

Ireland-UAE Double Taxation Agreement

The DTA between Ireland and the UAE covers income tax, corporation tax, and capital gains tax. The agreement will apply to residents of both countries, and it will cover income earned in the areas of employment, pensions, dividends, interest, royalties, and capital gains.

The agreement provides for a maximum withholding tax rate of 12.5% on dividends, 10% on interest, and 5% on royalties. This will help to attract more foreign investment to Ireland and the UAE, as investors will be subject to lower taxes on their returns.

The DTA also provides for a mechanism for resolving disputes arising from the implementation of the agreement. This will help to prevent disputes from escalating and potentially damaging economic relations between the two countries.


The signing of the double taxation agreement between Ireland and UAE is a significant step towards promoting economic cooperation and investment between the two countries. The agreement will provide greater clarity and certainty for businesses and individuals regarding the taxation of cross-border transactions.

The DTA will also help to reduce the tax burden for investors and promote trade and investment flows between the two nations. This agreement is a positive development for both countries and will provide a boost to their respective economies.